Things To Know Before Buying A Used Car

download (35)Purchasing a used car is not as simple as purchasing a new car. Discovering a car that will fit your needs is a time consuming procedure and needs a lot of effort on your part. Given below are some recommendations to help you create this procedure simpler and less complicated.

Work out a budget

Before you set out to look for a car it is essential to know how much you are willing to invest on it. This contains not just the amount you will need to buy your car but also other costs like servicing, insurance plan, road tax and running the car for at least a season. It is always recommended to invest a little less on the car and keep some cash aside in situation you need to execute any servicing on the car.

Identify your Needs

It is always a wise decision to find yourself what you need from the car and how do you strategy to use it. As far as the needs are involved you will need a car that comes at your preferred cost, can provide your close relatives members and is a smooth drive. Also select whether you want a hatchback, sedan/ notch-back or a high-class car. Once your needs are taken proper care of you select how you are going to use it whether it is going to be used for everyday tasks, travelling to workplace, for car journeys and end of the weekends or for all of these.


Now that you have set your budget and realized out what you need it’s about time to get down to business. Study up about vehicles that serve your way of life needs. Choose up auto publications, examine out on the internet vehicle sites, even create reference to family and friends on your preferred set of wheels. Thorough research about a car is the key to being effective discovering what you need.

Britain’s Ageing Driver Population

DriverRecently released data has shown that there are 191 motorists on British roads aged over 100, while the number of licence holders over the age of 70 has passed four million for the first time ever. The oldest licence holder in Britain is a woman aged 107.
The statistics bring up questions about the UK’s regulatory policy regarding older drivers. The law currently states that after the age of 70 drivers are required to say that they are fit to drive every three years. However, at the moment this is determined by self-assessment, with no obligation for medical or driving tests.

Being Realistic
The existing system raises two major issues. Firstly, there is concern that a number of older drivers are declaring themselves fit to drive when in reality they may not be. Others may risk severely impairing their quality of life by surrendering their licences before it is strictly necessary.

For a number of older drivers their car is their only means of remaining independent, allowing them to manage their life and social activities relatively unconstrained. Removing this access to self-sufficiency risks isolating older members of the population and could have a further impact upon their physical and psychological health.

Motoring organisations are suggesting that older drivers need advice to help them determine a realistic view of any future motoring career. At this stage compulsory testing or medical examinations is not on the cards. Instead there is a call for a change in attitude both of older drivers, who need to take a more subjective view about their driving capacity and the younger drivers around them who may be dismissive of their capabilities.

Older Drivers Are Safer

In fact, statistically Britain’s older drivers are one of the safest groups on the road. 6% of UK licence holders are aged 75 or over, but the same age group is involved in only 4.3% of fatal accidents or those resulting in serious injuries. By contrast, 13% of serious accidents involve drivers aged between 16 and 20, even though this age group accounts for only 2.5% of the total number of licence holders.

A recently published guide, ‘Driving Safely for Life’, is aimed at helping Britain’s elderly population stay mobile safely. While there is no obligation for mandatory testing, common sense dictates that regular eyesight tests should be carried out, while older drivers also need to make sure they follow administrative regulations by paying careful attention to car maintenance such as service intervals and MoT certification and ensuring they are adequately insured. Policies designed for older drivers can be useful and you can compare car insurance quotes online.

Older drivers uncertain about their driving abilities should consider a refresher course or assessment by a qualified professional or at a mobility centre. Higher traffic volumes and more complex road layouts can be confusing or stressful, while impaired mobility in the form of stiff or weak joints can impact driving capability. A visit to the doctor can be useful both to tackle physical problems and to make sure that any medicines you may be taking will not affect your behaviour behind the wheel. Sometimes a smaller or more modern car or specially designed adaptations may be necessary to keep you safely mobile and independent.


Traffic School Courses Can Mask Your Traffic Ticket In California

A traffic ticket is a nightmare for any driver- it’s a pricey affair & would even add bad points on your driving record. However, not many people have the idea that in California you are eligible to mask your traffic ticket by taking up a traffic school course.

Some points to remember
You will only be eligible to take up the traffic school course to mask the traffic ticket if-

  • If you are accused of some minor traffic violation or have received one point.
  • If you haven’t taken up such a course within last 18 months.

Remember if you have received the ticket outside your county of residence, the rules of that county & not the residing county would apply here.

Courses available both online & offline
The traffic school courses in California are available both online & offline. The online traffic schools are mostly preferred today as these allow you to study anytime and from wherever you wish to. There is no need to attend any conventional classroom here as is usual with conventional brick & mortar schools.

Requirements for online course
To take up the online course you have to have a computer, fitted with stable internet connection. As the virtual courses include Flash graphic-enriched videos, make sure your browsing device is compatible to Flash systems. If you are taking to iPhone or iPad get that special Flash compatible app to experience the online course materials at their best. Besides, some of the courses would require you to download PDF documents for taking the test in presence of a notary.

 The course cost
The cost of the online traffic school courses would vary on your choice of traffic school. There are reputed virtual traffic schools in California offering licensed courses within as little as 18.95 USD.

Class duration
There is no specific time duration to finish your traffic school courses online, unlike traditional schools. The online ambience enables you to study and finish at your own pace- if you’re a quick learner you can end up within a single shot while otherwise you are always at liberty to go gradually on your own rhythm.

Pass marks
You have to secure minimum 70 percent cut off to pass the test.

After you finish the course completely, your online school would take up the responsibility to to mail up (electronically) your certificate to DMV.

How to find the cheapest cars in Edinburgh? Several Tips

cheapest carsFinding a car tips
If buying a car is the only thing that you have on your mind right now and that is the first car for your garage, then you might probably need an advice to make a reasonable choice that would suit you, right? Choosing a car is, of course, a far more serious matter than choosing clothes or food and only a bit less important than considering purchasing your own accommodation unit. So here there are some tips to help you make your selection, or at least, tell you about the basics in dealing with such sort of things. So, where to start from, if you decide to look for the cars in Edinburg, for instance? First of all, remember that…

Purposes determine the whole deal
Think for a while: what do you need a car for? Are you going to drive your future car simply to get to your work or do you need it only for business trips. In the first case some ordinary mid-size variant will meet your needs; in the second one it will probably be an executive class car to underline your status. When you know it for sure, it will be an easy job for you to narrow your search to the top ten or may be a bit more cars that suit you. Then, your next step will be to make it precise as for…

Price limits
Make some calculations and ask yourself several questions: how much can you afford to spend on a car? How are you going to pay for it: the whole sum at once and in cash, on the hire-purchase system or on credit? Answering them and then setting reasonable price limits for your budget will let you effectively manage your funds and, again, make the list of the desired cars shorter for price is the most popular interactive scale which is included to the search engines at all the online advertising portals. Check it for yourself – here are the cheapest cars on the market of cars in Edinburgh, for instance.

Some of the final considerations
If you have already made your choice, pay your attention to the paperwork, which may turn out to be the last but not the least thing to be considered when buying a car. It is especially true if you haven’t faced this kind of deal before. Registration certificate (V5C, logbook), tax disc, MOT certificate (if the car is used and more than three years old) – all those documents are required by law to if you want to drive your car legally, so do not forget to have all the paperwork done in the proper order. And it is even more important for the foreign cars, so if you are thinking in the direction of the american cars in Edinburgh, for example, it will be better to have a look at the service history of a used car as well – not required by law, but a useful thing to know.

Five Reasons for Refurbishing Fire Apparatus

Fire ApparatusOperating outdated fire apparatus can cause a fire-fighting team to be less effective than if their trucks were more modern. This being said, many fire departments (especially those in rural or depressed areas) have very few resources on which to count in terms of funding new equipment.

Fortunately, in most cases the fire apparatus can be refurbished for a fraction of the cost of new equipment. The following are several reasons why refurbishing makes as much or more sense than purchasing new equipment when it comes to fire apparatus.

Cutting costs
As mentioned before, refurbishing fire trucks that already exist as part of a fleet can be less costly than purchasing new ones. This is especially true when most of the trucks in the fleet are relatively modern already. If this is the case, refurbishing entails some basic repairs and updates, all of which will fit into an already-strained budget much more comfortably than the purchase of brand-new equipment.

According to, refurbishing costs are much easier to justify to financial boards because they require a lesser commitment. Besides, it is a given that equipment which is already in the possession of a fire department needs to be updated and maintained periodically. A complete refurbishment fits well into this school of reasoning.

Safety Is At Stake
Fire-fighting equipment is used not only to transport people from place to place, but also to play a major role in the safety of others. This is the main reason for refurbishing used fire apparatus. Equipment that is used often and with great intensity can become defective over time, and repairs in the style of patchwork cannot be expected to endure nearly as much or be as reliable as a complete refurbishment. Although refurbishing a fire truck can take up to a year’s time in some cases, once the job is finished, the department can rest assured that all of the truck’s components are up-to-date in terms of safety and current legislation.

The Emergence of New Technology
Each New Year sees further advances in terms of the technology used when fighting fires. Outdated technology, even that which is in perfect working order can delay response time and prohibit fire-fighters from doing their best work to save buildings and lives. Implementing the latest fire-fighting technology is crucial when it comes to timing and saved lives. Also, fire apparatus that is not up-to-date may lack the tools and the strength necessary to fight the more severe fires.

There are no set guidelines for when used fire apparatus needs to be refurbished, but the NFPA offers informal suggestions about when and how to determine if a refurbishment is in order. Usually, all of the above factors are considered when a department or agency decides to update or purchase trucks.

Although refurbishing existing fire apparatus may not be the ideal option for every fire department, it is a viable one for most. It is a way to cut costs while ensuring safety and maintaining equipment to reflect the latest technology available.